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Author Guidelines

This reference guide will help you prepare your manuscript according to the journal’s policies before submission.

Formatting: Manuscripts should be double-spaced, with double-spaced (superscript) footnotes, one-inch margins, indented paragraphs, and 12-point Times New Roman font. Manuscripts must be less than 7,000 words including notes and submitted as a WORD document. Manuscripts should conform to the style requirements defined by Chicago Manual of Style.
The editors will make final determination of the length of all articles, and regardless of the length of a submitted article, the editors may ask that it be reduced or lengthened to a word count meeting the needs of the journal. This word limit also applies to manuscripts that are returned to authors after the first round of decisions by reviewers and the editors, and are then revised by authors and resubmitted.

Title: The title and subtitle of the manuscript combined should be limited to a maximum of ten words.

Anonymity: In order to guarantee anonymity, the author’s name and affiliation should appear only on a separate cover sheet. Authors should also avoid text references that indicate their identity and should limit citations to their own work.

Abstracts and Bios: Authors should include an abstract (50–100 words) and short bio (50–100 words) with their manuscript submission as supplementary documents. In order to guarantee anonymity, the author’s name and affiliation should appear only on a separate cover sheet.

International Standards: Authors should use U.S. (not British) English. Consult the Merriam-Webster’s 11th Collegiate Dictionary for spelling, hyphenation, italicization, capitalization, use of numbers, punctuation, and other matters of style.

Book Citations: The journal does not include the publisher in citations. Use the city and state only. Spell out the city name and abbreviate the state (Cambridge, MA, 2004).
A comma, not a colon, follows the place.

Dates: Dates should appear as January 4, 1977. Centuries are spelled out: seventeenth century (noun) and seventeenth-century (adjective).

Quotations: Periods and commas at the ends of quotations go inside the closing quotation mark while colons, semicolons, question marks, exclamation points go outside unless part of the quotation. Quotations marks inside of extracted text should use single quotes placed “inside of ‘punctuation’.”
Keep interpolations enclosed in brackets and to a minimum.

Acronyms: Use acronyms only after the full name is used and the acronym is defined in parentheses.

Ibid.: Refers to the preceding item and takes place of the succeeding citation if it is identical. Ibid. cannot be used if there is more than one citation in the preceding note.

Chicago Manual of Style Quick Guide

The following examples illustrate citations using the notes and bibliography system. Examples of notes are followed by shortened versions of citations to the same source. For further details and many more examples:


The journal does not include the publishers in the footnotes. Include the city and state only, separated by commas. Be sure all of your state abbreviations are correct.

One author
1. Daniel T. Rodgers, Atlantic Crossings. Social Politics in a Progressive Age (Cambridge, MA, 2000), 79–80.
2. Rodgers, Atlantic Crossings, 18.

Editor instead of author
1. Niall Ferguson, ed., The Shock of the Global: the 1970s in Perspective (Cambridge, MA, 2010), 34–40.
2. Ferguson, The Shock of the Global, 24.

Chapter or other part of a book
1. Helen Laville, “Internationalism, Transnationalism and Organizational Identity in Women’s International Associations (1945-1975),” in Beyond the Nation: Pushing the Boundaries of U.S. History from a Transatlantic Perspective, ed. Ferdinando Fasce et al. (Torino, 2013), 50–51.
2. Laville, “Internationalism”, 59.

Chapter of an edited volume originally published elsewhere (as in primary sources)
1. Alexander Hamilton, “Report on the Subject of Manufactures,” in Alexander Hamilton. Writings, ed. Joanne B. Freeman (New York, 1986), 655–657.
2. Hamilton, “Report,” 659.

Preface, foreword, introduction, or similar part of a book:
1. Sandro Mezzadra, introduction to Sulla linea del colore. Razza e democrazia negli Stati Uniti e nel mondo, by W.E.B. Du Bois (Bologna, 2010), 8–10.
2. Mezzadra, introduction, 12.

Journal article

Article in a print journal.
1. Catherine O. Jacquet, “Fighting Back, Claiming Power: Feminist Rhetoric and Resistance to Rape in the 1970s,” Radical History Review, 126 (2016): 75–78.
2. Jacquet, “Fighting Back, Claiming Power,” 78–83.

Article in an online journal
Include a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if the journal lists one. A DOI is a permanent ID that, when appended to in the address bar of an Internet browser, will lead to the source. If no DOI is available, list a URL. Include an access date.

1. Jon V. Kofas; “U.S. Foreign Policy and the World Federation of Trade Unions, 1944–1948.” Diplomatic History 26, no. 1 (2002): 21–60, accessed February 17, 2017,
2. Kofas, “U.S. Foreign Policy,” 43.

Thesis or dissertation

1. Monica Elizabeth Crowley, “Clearer than Truth: Determining and Preserving Grand Strategy. The Evolution of American Policy toward the People’s Republic of China under Truman and Nixon” (PhD diss., Columbia University of New York, 2000).
2. Crowley, “Clearer than truth.”


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format (.docx).
  3. Where available, DOIs or URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Copyrights and publishing rights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions.

Creative Commons License

This journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (full legal code).
See also our Open Access Policy.


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